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UTOPIA Dokumente der Wirklichkeit I. und II. (1921, Bauhaus)

Written by Sébastien Hayez, 6 years ago, 2 Comments
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UTOPIA Dokumente der Wirklichkeit I. und II.
Documents the reality
Utopia Verlag, Weimar
Bruno Adler (editor)
Designed by Margit Tery
85 pages
In quarto
With a double-leaflarge, loosely attached plaque lithographic with Itten’s so-called “color sphere” and 10 typographic composition printed in in red and black lithographs by Johannes Itten (Bauhaus teacher).
The Bauhaus was still young when, in 1921 Utopia have been published. Since 1919, the school was influenced by many other art movement, like expresionism as Walter Gropius himslef defined the Bauhaus philosophy, De Stijl (Theo van Doesburg entered the shool in 1920 as a conference visiting professor, but also the Blaue Reiter.
From 1919 to 1922 the school was shaped by the pedagogical and aesthetic ideas of Johannes Itten, who taught the Vorkurs or ‘preliminary course’ that was the introduction to the ideas of the Bauhaus.[9] Itten was heavily influenced in his teaching by the ideas of Franz Cižek and Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel. He was also influenced in respect to aesthetics by the work of the Blaue Reiter group in Munich as well as the work of Austrian Expressionist Oskar Kokoschka. The influence ofGerman Expressionism favoured by Itten was analogous in some ways to the fine arts side of the ongoing debate. This influence culminated with the addition of Der Blaue Reiter founding member Wassily Kandinsky to the faculty and ended when Itten resigned in late 1922. Itten was replaced by the Hungarian designer László Moholy-Nagy, who rewrote the Vorkurs with a leaning towards the New Objectivity favored by Gropius, which was analogous in some ways to the applied arts side of the debate. Although this shift was an important one, it did not represent a radical break from the past so much as a small step in a broader, more gradual socio-economic movement that had been going on at least since 1907 when van de Velde had argued for a craft basis for design while Hermann Muthesius had begun implementing industrial prototypes.[11]
This piece of museum is available via ebay for 2500 euros.

About Sébastien Hayez

Art director, graphic designer & illustrator from Lyon, France. Admin at Co-admin of the Facebook group Archives Graphiques Curator at Writer at The Shelf, issue 2.

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